These structures were commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and 70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place (like Tjentište, Kozara and Kadinjača), or where concentration camps stood (like Jasenovac and Niš). They were designed by different sculptors (Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, to name a few) and architects (Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković…), conveying powerful visual impact to show the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. In the 1980s, these monuments attracted millions of visitors per year, especially young pioneers for their “patriotic education.” After the Republic dissolved in early 1990s, they were completely abandoned, and their symbolic meanings were forever lost. More here.
And more here, plus excellent commentary.
And one commenter left this information on the original post:
Short note on the history of these beautiful monuments and country that no longer exists !
Yugoslavia employed itself in fighting the fachist in the WW2 on a big scale. The army was set up by communists from serbia, croatia, slovenia, bosnia, macedonia and montenegro, and it was LED by TITO, in order to kick out Germans, Italians and local nazis (chetniks and ustashas) who btw held notorious concentration camps, so some of these monuments were built on sites of these camps as well.
Unlike neighbour countries namely: czecoslovakia, poland, hungary, albania, bulgaria, rumania, – YUGOSLAVIA fought the nazis on its own territory, protecting its land and its people, its jews and its gipsies, because of this (after the war ended), Yugoslavian bravery and resistance was recognized world wide and gave a new country a BIG credit. Being the WW2 resistance and fight an inspiring part of yugoslav history, it was glorified for decades after, and that is how These monuments were built up In memory to the victims of the war and people who lost their lifes fighting the nazis in sake of the freedom.
(Nothing really to do with socialist propaganda or soviet whatever !!!)
cheers ! and long live antifachist movement !
this source is much better :